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Which is better, hammer crusher or impact crusher?

Source: clirik   By Administrator   Posted: 2022-06-08   

Impact crusher and hammer crusher are the main equipment of mining, they both use the impact principle to crush materials. Although in terms of appearance, the hammer and counterattack are somewhat similar, but there are essential differences between the two. So which one is better, hammer crusher or counterattack crusher for gravel production?


impact crusher

hammer crusher


The difference between hammer and impact crusher

Here we mainly start from the aspects of structure, application and effect, and introduce the difference between hammer breaking and counterattack breaking.


Structural differences:


Hammer crusher: It is mainly composed of body, transmission device, rotor and so on. The transmission device includes a V-belt, a winding motor and a pulley. The rotor with hammer head is the part of the hammer crusher, and its surface has a layer of material to avoid excessive wear of the rotor.


hammer crusher


Impact crusher: The impact crusher is mainly composed of a frame, a transmission mechanism, an impact plate and a rotor. The frame is divided into upper and lower parts, and the middle is connected by bolts. The impact plate is suspended inside the crushing chamber. The plate hammer on the rotor is its main wearing part, and most of them are of integral cast steel structure.


impact crusher


Differences in scope of application:


Hammer crushing: It is mainly suitable for coarse crushing and fine crushing of materials with a compressive strength of less than 200 MPa, such as limestone, gypsum, bricks and tiles, slag, coal gangue, salt, chalk, etc. It can directly crush materials with a large particle size of 600-1800 mm to below 25 mm or 25 mm, without the need to configure the second and third crushing equipment, which saves investment.


Impact crushering: It is suitable for processing various coarse, medium and fine materials (granite, limestone, concrete, etc.) whose side length is less than 500mm and compressive strength is less than 350MPa. It is widely used in highway construction, water conservancy engineering and construction of crushed stone processing and other fields, and is an ideal processing equipment for aggregates.


The difference in crushing effect:


The impact crusher goes through the process of 2-3 times of counterattack shaping. The product has a good grain shape, which is rounder than the hammer crushed grain shape, and the crushing is relatively large, generally 10-25, and the highest can reach 50. Usually secondary shaping is performed. It is used, but the powder content of the product is also high because of the number of blows.



Which is better, hammer crusher or counterattack crusher?

Through the above introduction, it can be found that hammer breaking and counterattack breaking have different degrees of difference in structure, application and effect. In addition, these two types of crushing equipment have their own advantages, and it is impossible to simply say which is better. The specific selection and use need to be determined according to the actual use environment. If the material to be processed has high hardness or strict requirements for the finished product, it is inclined to impact crushing, otherwise it is better to choose hammer crushing. There are also users who will choose the combined operation of "hammer breaking + counterattack breaking" to make sand. These can be selected according to the actual needs of users. It is necessary to comprehensively consider the consideration of finished aggregate particle size, environmental performance and investment costs.


CLIRIK has been focusing on the production of mining equipment for 20 years, with rich experience and mature technology, and has a complete R&D, sales and after-sales service team. Our technicians will choose the appropriate type and model of equipment for you according to your actual situation.